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Friday, 20 October 2006

The Meaning of Everything: The Story of the Oxford English Dictionary by Simon Winchester

Photo_13  Meaning
 
 
■日本語訳 Translation into Japanese

第一章 英語のすべてを計測する

一.英語の成立

 英語は、非常に膨大で、あちこちに広がり、驚くほど扱いにくく、微妙で、今では限りなく充実して壮観なのだが、本来は侵略に関わる言語なのである。常にそうならざるを得なかった。地質学も海洋学も認めているように、英国諸島は人が住むずっと以前から、実際ほとんど常に島だったし、そこで暮らしたすべての人の祖先たちは、まず海の向こうから、その習慣や風貌、そして言語を携えて到来したのだった。

 英語の根幹をなす単語の巨大な集積であり、この物語の主題である大辞典の一九二八年初版の出版までに識別され発見され収録された四一万四八二五語——これはウェブスターの大成功を収めた米語辞典にすでに収録されていた数十万語とそれ以後の数十年間に見つけられたり造られたりした数万語を合わせたものだが——その大部分は外部者、訪問者、侵略者のおかげで生まれたというか、十全なものにされたのだった。

   サイモン・ウィンチェスター=著
   苅部恒徳(かりべ・つねのり)=訳
   『オックスフォード英語大辞典物語
   研究社 2004/08
 
 
■英語原文 The original text in English

Chapter I
Taking the Measure of It All

I. The Making

The English language - so vast, so sprawling, so wonderfully unwieldy, so subtle, and now in its never-ending fullness so undeniably magnificent - is in its essence the language of invasion. It was always bound to be so: geology and oceanography saw to it that the British Isles, since long before their populated time, were indeed almost always islands, and the ancestors of all who ever lived there first arrived by sea from beyond, bringing with them their customs, their looks - and their languages.

Of the gigantic amassment of words that make up the stock of the English language - the 414,825 that were discerned and discovered and catalogued in time for publication in 1928 of the first edition of the great Dictionary that is the subject of this story, the hundreds of thousands that had already been listed in Webster's wildly successful American dictionary, together with the scores of thousands that have been found or created in the decades since - the huge majority were conceived or otherwise made whole through the good offices of outsiders, visitors, or invaders.

   The Meaning of Everything: The Story of the Oxford English Dictionary
   by Simon Winchester
   Hardcover: Oxford University Press, Oct 2003
   Paperback: Oxford University Press, Oct 2004
   Excerpt at BookBrowse.com
 
 
■洋書 Books in non-Japanese languages

■和書 Books in Japanese

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