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Tuesday, 11 January 2011

Shooting an Elephant by George Orwell オーウェル 「象を撃つ」「象を射つ」

        目次 Table of Contents

■はじめに Introduction
  Video   The Real George Orwell
 Images  表紙画像 Cover photos
■中国語訳(簡体字) Translation into simplified Chinese
■中國語譯(繁體字) Translation into traditional Chinese
■日本語訳 Translations into Japanese
  (J1) 柴田 2009
  (J2) 陰陽師 2005
  (J3) 小野寺 1982
  (J4) 高畠 1972, 2010
  (J5) 井上 1970, 1995, etc.
  (J6) 永川 1962, 1972, etc.
  (J7) 松浪 1961, 1985
  (J8) 小野 1957, 1959
■ロシア語訳 Translation into Russian
■ブルガリア語訳 Translation into Bulgarian
■ドイツ語訳 Translation into German
■イタリア語訳 Translations into Italian
■ポルトガル語訳 Translations into Portuguese
  (Pt1) Parreira, 2013
  (Pt2) Medeiros, 2003
  (Pt3) Barroso, 1959
■スペイン語訳 Translations into Spanish
  (Es1)
  (Es2)
  (Es3) Manero & Canales
■フランス語訳 Translation into French
 Audio 1  英語原文の朗読 Audiobook read by 29harveydinio
 Audio 2  英語原文の朗読 Audiobook read by Patrick E. McLean
■英語原文 The original text in English
■外部リンク External links
■更新履歴 Change log


■はじめに Introduction

1920年代ごろのビルマ(ミャンマー)は、イギリス領インドに属する一州だった。民主化運動指導者アウンサンスーチーさんの父であり「ビルマ建国の父」とも称されるアウンサン将軍が、たぶんまだ少年だった頃のこと。

この植民地の支配機構の末端で警察官を務めていたのが、イギリス人の「私/わたし/ぼく」。ある日、職務の一環として、一頭の象を射殺しなければいけない事態に巻き込まれる。なぜ、わたしは象を撃たなければいけないのか?

現地に暮らす白人の目からみた帝国主義の実相。『動物農場』や『1984年』で知られるオーウェルの短篇。


  Video  
The Real George Orwell (1/6)

Biographer D.J. Taylor profiles Eric Blair for The South Bank Show in 2003.


 Images  
表紙画像 Cover photos

↓ クリックして拡大 Click to enlarge ↓

zh Zh_why_i_write ja Ja_orwell_hyoronshu_1 ru Ru_shooting_an_elephant

es Es_matar_a_un_elefante en En_shooting_an_elephant


■中国語訳(簡体字) Translation into simplified Chinese

但是我又不愿意射杀那头大象。我瞧着它卷起一束草在息头甩着,神情专注,像一个安详的老祖母。我觉得朝它开枪无异于是谋杀。


■中國語譯(繁體字) Translation into traditional Chinese

但是我又不願意射殺那頭大象。我瞧著祂捲起一束草在鼻頭甩著,神情專注,像一個安詳的老祖母。我覺得朝祂開槍無異於是謀殺。


■日本語訳 Translations into Japanese

(J1) 柴田 2009
だが私は象を撃ちたくなかった。いかにも象らしい、一心不乱の、どこかお祖母さんのような雰囲気をたたえて象が草の束を膝に叩きつけるのを私は見守った。この象を撃つのは犯罪だと私には思えた。


(J2) 陰陽師 2005
それでもわたしは象を撃ちたくなかった。象が、あの一種独特の老婆のような雰囲気を漂わせながら、ひとつかみの草を膝に無心でたたきつけているようすを見つめた。こんな生き物を撃つのは、殺人にほかならないように思える。

  • ジョージ・オーウェル=著 陰陽師=訳 「象を撃つ」 ghostbuster's book web. 初出 2005-03-29〜2005-04-03 改訂 2005-04-25

(J3) 小野寺 1982
だが、わたしは撃つ気になれず、ただ象が一種独特のあの老婆のような感じで、草の束を余念なく膝に叩きつけている姿をじっとみつめていた。こんな象を撃つのは虐殺のような気がした。

  • ジョージ・オーウェル=著 小野寺健(おのでら・たけし)=訳 「象を撃つ」 小野寺健=編訳 『オーウェル評論集』 岩波文庫 1982-04-16

(J4) 高畠 1972, 2010
そうはいうものの、わたしは射つのは気が進まなかった。わたしは、象独特の、あのいっしょうけんめいになっているおばあさんのようなようすで、草の束を自分の膝(ひざ)にたたきつけているのを、じっとみつめていた。これでは、まるで虐殺するようなものだな、という気がした。

  • ジョージ・オーウェル=著 高畠文夫(たかばたけ・ふみお)=訳 「象を射つ」
    • オーウェル、武田麟太郎、モーム=著 『』 百年文庫47 ポプラ社 2010-10-13
    • ジョージ・オーウェル=著 『動物農場』 角川文庫 1972-08-30
  • 引用は b. 角川文庫版に拠りました。

(J5) 井上 1970, 1995, etc.
しかし私は象を撃ちたくなかった。象が草の束をひざに打ちつけているのを私はじっと見つめていた。象という動物に特有の、あの余念のないおばあさんのような様子で、彼はその動作を続けていた。そんな彼を撃つのは虐殺にほかならないのではないか、と私には思われた。


(J6) 永川 1962, 1972, etc.
しかしぼくは象を撃ちたくなかった。象特有の、仕事に余念のないお婆さんのような態度で、雑草のかたまりを膝に打ちつけている彼をぼくは見まもっていた。象を撃つのがまるで殺人のような気がした。


(J7) 松浪 1961, 1985
[この対訳本は原著からの抜粋に訳と解説を付けたもの。引用箇所は収録されていません]


(J8) 小野 1957, 1959
しかし私は象を射ちたくなかった。私は彼が、象に特有の余念のないおばあさんのようなようすで、草の束を膝に打ちつけているのをみつめていた。私には、彼を射つことは虐殺にひとしいように思われた。

  • Orwell / オウエル=著 小野協一(おの・きょういち)=訳 「象を射つ」
  • 引用は b. 南雲堂 1957 版に拠りました。

■ロシア語訳 Translation into Russian

Но я не хотел убивать слона. Я смотрел, как он бьет пучками травы по колену, и была в нем какая-то добродушная сосредоточенность, так свойственная слонам. Мне подумалось, что застрелить его — настоящее преступление.

  • Джордж Оруэлл - Убийство слона. Translated by А. А. Файнгар (A. A. Fayngar), 1988
  • E-text at Orwell.ru

■ブルガリア語訳 Translation into Bulgarian

Но аз не исках да застрелвам слона. Гледах го как удря своето снопче трева в коленете си с онзи разсеян бабешки израз, който слоновете имат. Струваше ми се, че би било престъпление да го застрелям.


■ドイツ語訳 Translation into German

Aber ich wollte den Elefanten nicht erschießen. Ich sah ihm zu, wie er sein Grasbüschel am Knie ausklopfte, auf diese selbstvergessene großmütterliche Art, wie Elefanten sie haben. Es schien mir, daß es glatter Mord wäre, ihn zu erschießen.


■イタリア語訳 Translations into Italian


■ポルトガル語訳 Translations into Portuguese

(Pt1) Parreira, 2013
Mas eu não desejava atirar no elefante. Olhava-o batendo os feixes de capim contra os joelhos, com aquele ar de avó preocupada que os elefantes têm. A mim, parecia-me um assassínio abatê-lo.

  • O Abate de um Elefante by George Orwell. Translated by Ana Parreira.
  • E-text at Villaaspie 2013-06-22

(Pt2) Medeiros, 2003
Mas eu não queria matar o elefante. Olhei para ele, batendo a grama contra os joelhos, com aquele ar preocupado de avó que elefantes têm. Pareceu-me que atirar nele seria assassinato.

  • Atirando num Elefante by George Orwell. Translated by Valéria da Silva Medeiros
  • E-text at Maxwell [HTM] [PDF]

(Pt3) Barroso, 1959
Mas eu não queria mesmo matar o elefante. Via-o batendo o punhado de mato contra os joelhos, com aquele ar preocupado e avoengo que os elefantes têm. Pareceu-me que matá-lo seria um crime.

  • Matar um elefante by George Orwell. Translated by Ivo Barroso. Originally published in the magazine SENHOR, número 7, August 1959.
  • E-text at Gaveta do Ivo 2014-05-31

■スペイン語訳 Translations into Spanish

(Es1)
Pero yo no quería matar al elefante. Lo observé golpear el manojo de pasto contra sus rodillas, con ese aire preocupado de abuela que tienen los elefantes. Me parecía que sería un crimen matarlo.


(Es2)
Pero yo no quería matar al elefante. Lo observé batiendo su manojo de pasto contra sus rodillas, con ese aire de abuela preocupada que tienen los elefantes. Me pareció que matarlo sería un crimen.


(Es3) Manero & Canales
Sin embargo, no quería matar el elefante. Lo contemplé mientras golpeaba su manojo de hierba contra las rodillas, con ese aire de abuela ensimismada que tienen los elefantes. Me parecía que matarlo sería un asesinato.


■フランス語訳 Translation into French

Mais je n'avais toujours pas envie de tuer l'éléphant. Je le voyais battre les touffes d'herbe contre ses genoux, avec cet air de vieille grand-mère soucieuse qu'ont les éléphants. Il me semblait que le tuer serait un pur et simple assassinat.


 Audio 1 
英語原文のオーディオブック(朗読)
Audiobook in English read by 29harveydinio

Uploaded on 26 Nov 2011 by 29harveydinio


 Audio 2 
パトリック・E・マクリーンによる「象を撃つ」原文の朗読
Shooting an Elephant read by Patrick E. McLean

   The Seanachai


■英語原文 The original text in English

But I did not want to shoot the elephant. I watched him beating his bunch of grass against his knees, with that preoccupied grandmotherly air that elephants have. It seemed to me that it would be murder to shoot him.


■外部リンク External links


■更新履歴 Change log

  • 2016-11-16 松浪有=訳の書誌情報を修正しました。
  • 2014-11-25 ドイツ語訳と3種類のポルトガル語訳を追加しました。
  • 2014-11-21 小野協一=訳註 1957-06-25 の訳文を挿入しました。
  • 2013-02-28 ブルガリア語訳と、29harveydinio による朗読の YouTube 画面を追加しました。
  • 2011-02-13 永川玲二=訳の書誌情報を補足しました。
  • 2011-01-30 井上摩耶子=訳の書誌情報を補足し、訳例の配列を修正しました。

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